position: EnglishChannel > Sci-Tech News > Article

China's Civil Code introduces regulations on human gene editing

Source: International Communication Center for Science & Technology| 2021-02-19 15:34:35| Author:

China's Civil Code, adopted at the third session of the 13th National People's Congress (NPC) in May 2020, includes tightened provisions on human gene editing to minimize the threats the technology poses to "personality rights," ethics, and public interests.

Article 1009 stipulates that "a medical and scientific research activity related to human genes, embryos, or the like, shall be done in accordance with the relevant provisions of laws, administrative regulations, and the regulations of the State, and shall not endanger human health, offend ethics and morals, or harm public interests."

With the recent developments in new medical technologies, the application of gene editing has drawn significant public attention. Meanwhile, gene editing in humans also poses challenges to ethical norms and laws.

In November 2018, Chinese biophysicist He Jiankui claimed to have completed experiments on human embryos that resulted in babies whose DNA had been engineered to make them less susceptible to contracting HIV. The news prompted a scientific backlash and that was seen far beyond the biomedical sector.

On Nov. 30, 2019, the Nanshan District People's Court of Shenzhen said He had been convicted of illegal medical practice and received three years in jail for illegally carrying out human embryo gene editing intended for reproduction.

China's top legislator also took action to introduce clearer and tougher rules on research involving human genes and embryos.

An official with the Legislative Affairs Commission of the NPC Standing Committee said the second draft of the Civil Code's "personality rights" section was submitted to the meeting of the Standing Committee in April 2019. It stipulates that medical and scientific research activity related to human genes or embryos shall not endanger human health or offend ethics and morals.

When reviewing the second draft, some lawmakers stressed such activity must also not harm public interests. Their suggestion was taken up and the third draft was submitted to the 12th session of the 13th NPC Standing Committee for deliberation on Aug. 22, 2019.

During the session, Chen Zhu, vice chairman of the NPC Standing Committee, emphasized the importance of enacting regulations on research with human genes and embryos, noting that editing genes in human embryos is not yet a mature technology and could present multiple risks.

According to Chen, the provisions in the Civil Code are the first specific regulations on medical and scientific research activity related to human genes and embryos created from a legal perspective.

Before these laws, such activity was regulated by documents issued by relevant departments placed at a relatively low level in the legal hierarchy.

(You can also read it at:http://ylgjgfwz.xsb183.com/china/2021-02/18/content_77223470.htm)


Top News

Deeply integrating into global innovation network needs self-confidence in science and technology

Two years ago, Wang Pu, CPPCC member and professor at Faculty of Materials and Manufacturing, Beijing University of Technology, suggested that it is crucial to own core technologies, materials and crafts.

China was in the front line of the epidemic and made key contributions to the scientific community

China held a ceremony in Beijing?for?honoring people fighting COVID-19 with national medals?on September?8.?To?know?more?about?the?international?reactions,?Science?and?Technology?Daily?Reporter?Zhang?Jiaxing?interviewed?Dr. Lawrence Banks?and Dr. Alessandro Marcello?from?International?Centre?Engineering?and?Biotechnology.

Copyright ? Science and Technology Daily, All Rights Reserved

mailto: yuhy@stdaily.com

网站地图 永利国际娱乐场开户 永利娱乐开户 永利博国际开户
申博网址是多少 申博娱乐 果博东方电话投注 申博怎么下载
现金玩温州牌九 新凤凰彩票官方网 cp彩票频游戏 港龙彩票广西快三
永利宝官网 新永利注册 永利宝注册 永利娱乐会所开户
大通永利官网 永利官方 永利线上娱乐开 新葡京现金平台
917psb.com 261SUN.COM XSB885.COM 598jbs.com 984SUN.COM
XSB178.COM 353SUN.COM 998PT.COM 44sbib.com 591ib.com
977XTD.COM 838XTD.COM 200xsb.com ib57.com S6186.COM
8SJZS.COM 444TGP.COM XSB698.COM 578psb.com ib64.com